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Varicose Veins

Enlarged, twisted, bulging veins found anywhere in the body, but most commonly occurring in the legs and feet due to the pressure of standing. In these veins, the valves become damaged, creating a backflow and pooling of blood, instead of returning the blood to be re-oxygenated by the lungs.

Varicose vein Risk factors

  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Genetics
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Profession

Varicose vein Symptoms

  • Pain/tiredness in legs
  • Aching or throbbing in the legs
  • Itchiness of skin at site
  • Swelling of feet or ankles
  • Bleeding, rupture of the vessel
  • Ulcers

How are Varicose Veins diagnosed?

Varicose Veins are generally diagnosed by your Vascular Surgeon through ultrasound along with a physical exam.

Treatment Options for Varicose Veins

Conservative treatment:

  • Compression stockings
  • Exercise
  • Weight loss
  • Elevating your legs
  • Not standing or sitting for long periods of time

Surgical interventions:

  • Radiofrequency Ablation (RF) –Using ultrasound guidance, a thin catheter is inserted into the diseased vein through a small opening in the skin. The tiny catheter powered by radiofrequency (RF) energy delivers heat to the vein wall causing it to shrink and the vein to seal closed. Once the diseased vein is closed blood will reroute itself to other healthy veins.
  • Phlebectomy- A minimally invasive surgical procedure that removes surface (superficial) varicose veins. A small needle or scalpel is used to make tiny slit-like incisions in the skin near the varicose vein.  A phlebectomy hook is then used to remove the vein through the tiny incision.  This procedure can effectively remove large, bulging, varicose veins with virtually no scarring and minimal post-treatment discomfort.
  • Sclerotherapy – A procedure where a fine needle is inserted directly into the targeted vein injecting a chemical known as a sclerosing agent. The chemical solution causes the vein to collapse rerouting the blood through healthier veins. Overtime, this results in the veins becoming less visible.


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